book “El principio era el fin” (The beginning
was the end), one of my favourites, written by Oscar Kiss; it is told that the
man of today has his origin in a cross between an Asiatic primate and an
African one. The author base this affirmation on the fact that the big majority
of human has twelve pares of ribs, which coincide with Asian people; but there
are humans with forty, like African primates; and there are also some cases
with twelve who have an additional vertebra.
book, it is also said that the first humans were cannibals and because of that - the author
reasons - their brain had a quicker
development; but, no matter if this was or not the cause, the truth is that the
evolution of the human being went on at a remarkable great speed.
hominids nearest to us were the only animals that killed their fellows to eat
them. In that is based this theory; and, when the human rose, he continued in
that custom, sharing the bodies in a hierarchical way, giving the brain to the
evolution of the species, the communication between individuals performed. An
example is that the hominids are born with a capacity for recognise the
importance of distinct body and face expressions, but the response to them
depends on experience and aggressiveness. And we can say more, because some
experiences made with Lucy, a well known chimpanzee, show us that these animals
have the intellectual capacity to use primary language, and that in spite they
cannot speak, having their mouth and throat limited in this aspect; but this
does not impede them to issue some “musical” sounds when they are in the
of experiment has been carried out in various occasions. A language of signs is
taught to them. This language is called “ameslan”.
It is a language used in the United
States by people who cannot hear. Each
gesture or sign represents a word, not a syllable or a sound. Some chimpanzees
have learned how to interpret, in a correct way, the signification of hundred
of words and now are able to ask for the fruit they want or to express some
feelings about what they are seeing.
swan, a chimpanzee made two gestures, one after the other, and thus creating a
spontaneous neologism meaning: “bird of water”. At another
occasion, an individual of the same group made faces to say: “drink-caramel”
after having tasted a melon for the first time; and “food-cry-hurt”,
after having tasted a radish. And another gestured “cat”, when we show him the
photography of a tiger.
experiences are only a little part of what is included in the book “Sombras de antepasados olvidados” (Shadows of forgotten ancestors); never-theless, they are sufficient for us not to be surprised,
not considering as a magic fact, that humans communicate between them through
wondering how would be the actual world, if all the hominids had
been able to
express their thoughts and
experiences with words, knowing that they were, and they are,
capable to perform a primitive language.
Importance of the word
nothing between us that have such a force. Without words we would only be a
kind of apes more, with a bigger evolution, and our life would be quitter,
without those multiples complications characterizing it.
to be careful when receiving a word; as careful as when, in a carnival, we met
someone in the early hours of the morning, because we never know what is inside
it. Words are vehicles, the same they can transport you than squash you; the
same they can bring you to hell than save you to be condemned. A word is also a
weapon with which you can defend yourself or kill. It may be Vaseline or sand-paper. A word can
also be a serpent entering smoothly in your mind, without you to realize,
enslaving you for ever.
be luxury and vice. There is nothing without being involved or motivated by them.
They approximate us or separate us and, among countries, they are the most
dividing frontier, as we can observe in the autonomous communities of any land,
when people use an idiom that is not the one of the state.
A word is
a remedy and a drug, communication and separation; an excess of it destroys. A
person using only a few words, reveals sometime intern
richness, because an excess of words, like all the excesses, ruins.
times, a word is like a mirror, reflecting exactly what we want to say; and
some others, is like a gold cloth involving a lie.
society is living in a species of jungle, where structures are like trees and
words like leaves. Without leaves, those trees would be dry.
Gods are using words to transmit their messages
through who certifies to tell always the truth; and because of that, demons
also use them.
words, money would not exist. Money needs words to circulate.
Words are also the essence of love, its
sap. Necessity and thought made love surge; words perform or destroy it.
excite the intelligence by exercising it constantly; the same when they are
emitted than when they are received. Words are the principal cause of brain
some times applause and peace; others, insult and war. They could be
tranquillity or anguish.
transmission speed may be fabulous on our times, when they are flying with
Internet, reaching any place in the world we want.
used equally by a military to give an order, than by a priest to make a prayer.
the magic of the man, his polyvalent faculty. Words are vehicles of fright or
joy, triumph or defeat. Used in a bad way, words have lead many people to be
hang or eaten by lions in a circus. And many times words provoke despise or
message enters in the mind through the ears and eyes. They are able to awake
any kind of feeling going from excitation to the calm. Some times we are tired
of them and others, words can motive or encourage or relax.
also drive ambition or stupidity, or knowledge. Words dress themselves with
four clothes, combining them constantly, to present themselves always in a
different manner: intensity, tone, timbre and opportunity.
times words attract and others, repulse. But, mixing
goods and bad words together, they all seem the same; that is because we see
them in a group, transmitting the pretended subliminal message.
occasions, words pretending to insult, hit; but they are not the ones that hurt
also serve to dominate. Who lies better commands more.
Because of the words, the dominant figure among the hominids became, in our
days, the one using trickery.
serve to catalogue the persons: making some higher (sir, excellence, earl, majesty,
etc…), and leaving the other to the deceived level (ignorant, worker, plain
people, obedient, employee, poor, etc…)
carburant with more or less octanes and different force. The words of a judge,
for example, push and condition, whereas the words of a beggar get lost in the
also therapy for the loneliness when they are shared “just to spend the time”;
because, when people ear them, they feel accompanied by themselves: when words
are launched to the air, some kind of involving gas is produced.
did not exist, history would not exist either; and if the history were
faulting, we would have no pass; we would have only the present and we could
not create tricks, neither we would be so far away from the natural selection.
It was a
period of many centuries in which some cultures prohibited the population to
have any contact with words written by sage persons, to avoid a potential
detriment to the system by the expansion of some verities. They put also many
difficulties in giving access to the books for the same reason. They knew that
what was written (thoughts and experiences) instructs the lector and gives him
the strength they were afraid of. They preferred to maintain the population in
the ignorance, to be able to predicate in a more effective manner. Who dare to
speak against the established power was harshly punished, because any kind of
rebellion could became part of everybody speech, which would be transcendent in
a society of illiterates.
The time was
passing and, finally,
the rulers dared to educate the population, witch lead to the apparition
of the dictionary: box of words presenting the identity of each of them,
endorsed by an institution that, curiously, is named Academy of the Language,
recognising the function of the mouth element, the more precise to pronounce
humans, because we have the faculty to speak, ought to valorise constantly the
risks included in the words. Before speaking, we have to think about the
effects they could provoke; because, once out of our mouth, words would fly and
we cannot make them return. It is possible for us to launch other words in
intent to destroy the first ones, but this is an aim rarely reached.
It is not
necessary for me to continue on this theme. It would be sufficient to invite
you to tell to yourself something with mental images, but without imagining any
word; and you will understand the importance and the force of the words.
summarize: We are father and mother of the word, an enchanting son, but very
dangerous. He may bring us to the triumph, but also to trickery and
Juan Luengo Muro
from the book: “Mentiras tatuadas”
soon to be published.
into English by:
(The scull and the reconstructed face
of the man of Pekin,
600.000 years ago, are to be seen in the Spanish version)